Centos编译安装Nginx+php+Mysql

配过很多次服务器,一直都是在用lnmp的一键包。最近因为一直在玩Linux,所以试着自己编译安装Nginx、php、mysql、memcache。今天按照网上的找到的一篇教程,试着安装了一遍nginx+php+mysql。
下面把命令丢上来存档用。

  1. 配置防火墙,开启80端口、3306端口
    vi /etc/sysconfig/iptables 

    将下面两句丢在22端口下面

    -A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
    -A INPUT -m state --state NEW -m tcp -p tcp --dport 3306 -j ACCEPT
    
  2. 关闭SELINUX
    vi /etc/selinux/config
    #SELINUX=enforcing #注释掉
    #SELINUXTYPE=targeted #注释掉
    SELINUX=disabled #增加
    

    并重启系统

    reboot -n
  3. 系统约定这里我们自行约定软件包、编译安装位置如下。(后续命令会按照约定的目录来键入)

    1、软件源代码存放位置:/usr/local/src
    2、源码包编译安装位置:/usr/local/src/软件名字

  4. 下载软件下载nginx(目前稳定版)http://nginx.org/download/nginx-1.5.13.tar.gz下载pcre(支持nginx伪静态)http://sourceforge.net/projects/pcre/files/pcre/8.35/pcre-8.35.tar.gz下载MySQL http://mirrors.sohu.com/mysql/MySQL-5.5/mysql-5.5.37.tar.gz

    下载php http://ar2.php.net/get/php-5.5.10.tar.gz/from/this/mirror

    下载cmake(MySQL编译工具) http://www.cmake.org/files/v2.8/cmake-2.8.8.tar.gz

    下载libmcrypt(PHPlibmcrypt模块)
    http://nchc.dl.sourceforge.net/project/mcrypt/Libmcrypt/2.5.8/libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz

    在天朝有时候可能访问不了sf等其他站点。这里我把我的软件包上传在百度云,可供大家下载。http://pan.baidu.com/s/1pJHUITH

    下载好以后,按照前文约定的目录树如下:

    nginx+mysql+php+cmake+pcre+libmcrypt目录树
    nginx+mysql+php+cmake+pcre+libmcrypt目录树

  5. 安装编译工具及库文件(使用CentOS yum命令安装)
    yum install make apr* autoconf automake curl-devel gcc gcc-c++ zlib-devel openssl openssl-devel pcre-devel gd kernel keyutils patch perl kernel-headers compat* mpfr cpp glibc libgomp libstdc++-devel ppl cloog-ppl keyutils-libs-devel libcom_err-devel libsepol-devel  libselinux-devel krb5-devel zlib-devel libXpm* freetype libjpeg* libpng* php-common php-gd ncurses* libtool* libxml2 libxml2-devel patch
  6. 安装cmake
    tar zxvf cmake-2.8.8.tar.gz
     cd cmake-2.8.8
    ./configure 
    make
    make install
    
  7. 安装mysql
    groupadd mysql #添加mysql组
    useradd -g mysql mysql -s /bin/false #创建用户mysql并加入到mysql组,不允许mysql用户直接登录系统
    mkdir -p /data/mysql #创建MySQL数据库存放目录 
    chown -R mysql:mysql /data/mysql #设置权限
    mkdir -p /usr/local/mysql #创建安装目录
    tar zxvf mysql-5.5.37.tar.gz 
    cd mysql-5.5.37  
    cmake . -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/data/mysql -DSYSCONFDIR=/etc #配置  
    make #编译  
    make install #安装  
    cd /usr/local/mysql  
    cp ./support-files/my-huge.cnf /etc/my.cnf #拷贝配置文件(注意:/etc目录下面默认有一个my.cnf,直接覆盖即可)  
    vi /etc/my.cnf #编辑配置文件,在 [mysqld] 部分增加  
    datadir = /data/mysql #添加MySQL数据库路径  
    ./scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql #生成mysql系统数据库  
    cp ./support-files/mysql.server /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld #把Mysql加入系统启动  
    chmod 755 /etc/init.d/mysqld #增加执行权限  
    chkconfig mysqld on #加入开机启动  
    vi /etc/rc.d/init.d/mysqld #编辑  
    basedir = /usr/local/mysql #MySQL程序安装路径  
    datadir = /data/mysql #MySQl数据库存放目录  
    service mysqld start #启动  
    vi /etc/profile #把mysql服务加入系统环境变量:在最后添加下面这一行  
    export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/mysql/bin
    

    下面这两行把myslq的库文件链接到系统默认的位置,这样你在编译类似PHP等软件时可以不用指定mysql的库文件地址。

    ln -s /usr/local/mysql/lib/mysql /usr/lib/mysql  
    ln -s /usr/local/mysql/include/mysql /usr/include/mysql  
    shutdown -r now #需要重启系统,等待系统重新启动之后继续在终端命令行下面操作  
    mysql_secure_installation #设置Mysql密码  
    #根据提示按Y 回车输入2次密码  
    #或者直接修改密码/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u root -p password "123456" #修改密码  
    service mysqld restart #重启
    

    安装好了mysql
    安装好了mysql
  8. 安装PCRE
    cd /usr/local/src
    mkdir /usr/local/pcre
    tar zxvf pcre-8.35.tar.gz
    cd pcre-8.35
    ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/pcre 
    make 
    make install
    
  9. 安装nginx
    cd /usr/local/src
    groupadd www
    useradd -g www www -s /bin/false
    tar zxvf nginx-1.5.13.tar.gz
    cd nginx-1.5.13
    ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/nginx --without-http_memcached_module --user=www --group=www --with-http_stub_status_module --with-openssl=/usr/ --with-pcre=/usr/local/src/pcre-8.35
    make
    make install
    
    
    
    #设置nginx自启动,加入以下脚本
    
    vi /etc/init.d/nginx
    
    #!/bin/bash
    # nginx Startup script for the Nginx HTTP Server
    # it is v.0.0.2 version.
    # chkconfig: - 85 15
    # description: Nginx is a high-performance web and proxy server.
    #              It has a lot of features, but it's not for everyone.
    # processname: nginx
    # pidfile: /var/run/nginx.pid
    # config: /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
    nginxd=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx
    nginx_config=/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf
    nginx_pid=/var/run/nginx.pid
    RETVAL=0
    prog="nginx"
    # Source function library.
    . /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions
    # Source networking configuration.
    . /etc/sysconfig/network
    # Check that networking is up.
    [ ${NETWORKING} = "no" ] && exit 0
    [ -x $nginxd ] || exit 0
    # Start nginx daemons functions.
    start() {
    if [ -e $nginx_pid ];then
       echo "nginx already running...."
       exit 1
    fi
       echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
       daemon $nginxd -c ${nginx_config}
       RETVAL=$?
       echo
       [ $RETVAL = 0 ] && touch /var/lock/subsys/nginx
       return $RETVAL
    }
    # Stop nginx daemons functions.
    stop() {
            echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
            killproc $nginxd
            RETVAL=$?
            echo
            [ $RETVAL = 0 ] && rm -f /var/lock/subsys/nginx /var/run/nginx.pid
    }
    # reload nginx service functions.
    reload() {
        echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "
        #kill -HUP `cat ${nginx_pid}`
        killproc $nginxd -HUP
        RETVAL=$?
        echo
    }
    # See how we were called.
    case "$1" in
    start)
            start
            ;;
    stop)
            stop
            ;;
    reload)
            reload
            ;;
    restart)
            stop
            start
            ;;
    status)
            status $prog
            RETVAL=$?
            ;;
    *)
            echo $"Usage: $prog {start|stop|restart|reload|status|help}"
            exit 1
    esac
    exit $RETVAL
    
    
    chmod 775 /etc/rc.d/init.d/nginx
    chkconfig nginx on
    /etc/rc.d/init.d/nginx restart
    service nginx restart
    

    安装好了nginx
    安装好了nginx
  10. 安装libmcrypt
    cd /usr/local/src
    tar zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
    cd libmcrypt-2.5.8
    ./configure
    make
    nake install
    
  11. 安装PHP
    cd /usr/local/src
    tar -zvxf php-5.5.10.tar.gz 
    cd php-5.5.10
    mkdir -p /usr/local/php5
    
    ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php5 --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php5/etc --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql --with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config --with-mysql-sock=/tmp/mysql.sock --with-gd --with-iconv --with-zlib --enable-xml --enable-bcmath --enable-shmop --enable-sysvsem --enable-inline-optimization --with-curlwrappers --enable-mbregex --enable-fpm --enable-mbstring --enable-ftp --enable-gd-native-ttf --with-openssl --enable-pcntl --enable-sockets --with-xmlrpc --enable-zip --enable-soap --with-pear --with-gettext --enable-session --with-mcrypt --with-curl
    
    make
    make install
    
    cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php5/etc/php.ini
    rm -rf /etc/php.ini
    ln -s /usr/local/php5/etc/php.ini /etc/php.ini
    cp /usr/local/php5/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/php5/etc/php-fpm.conf 
    vi /usr/local/php5/etc/php-fpm.conf
    user = www #设置php-fpm运行账号为www 
    group = www #设置php-fpm运行组为www 
    pid = run/php-fpm.pid #取消前面的分号
    cp /usr/local/src/php-5.5.10/sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm /etc/rc.d/init.d/php-fpm#拷贝php-fpm到启动目录
    chmod +x /etc/rc.d/init.d/php-fpm #添加执行权限
    chkconfig php-fpm on #设置开机启动
    vi /usr/local/php5/etc/php.ini #编辑配置文件
    修改为:date.timezone = PRC #设置时区
    
  12. 配置nginx支持php
    vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf #编辑配置文件,需做如下修改
    user www www; #首行user去掉注释,修改Nginx运行组为www www;必须与/usr/local/php5/etc/php-fpm.conf中的user,group配置相同,否则php运行出错 
    index index.php index.html index.htm; #添加index.php
    # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
    location ~ \.php$ {
    root html;
    fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
    fastcgi_index index.php;
    fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
    include fastcgi_params; 
    }
    #取消FastCGI server部分location的注释,并要注意fastcgi_param行的参数,改为
    $document_root$fastcgi_script_name,或者使用绝对路径
    /etc/init.d/nginx restart #重启nginx
    

    这里特别说一下,nginx默认的www目录配置中写的是html。如果需要改到其他地方。必须把nginx.conf中对应的目录位置改掉就可以了。比如要放到/home/www,就把配置中root html 改为 root /home/www

    配置好nginx支持php
    配置好nginx支持php
  13. 测试
    cd /usr/local/nginx/html/ #进入nginx默认网站根目录
    rm -rf /usr/local/nginx/html/* #删除默认测试页 
    vi index.php #编辑
    phpinfo();
    chown www.www /usr/local/nginx/html/ -R #设置目录所有者
    chmod 700 /usr/local/nginx/html/ -R #设置目录权限
    shutdown -r now #重启系统
    
  14. 相关命令
    service nginx restart #重启nginx
    service mysqld restart #重启mysql
    /usr/local/php5/sbin/php-fpm #启动php-fpm
    /etc/rc.d/init.d/php-fpm restart #重启php-fpm
    /etc/rc.d/init.d/php-fpm stop #停止php-fpm

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